Compression stockings are specialized stockings that are worn to prevent poor blood circulation in the legs. They prevent the pooling of blood in the veins and reduce the risk of deep vein thrombosis in the legs.
Mild compression; 18 mmHg to 21 mmHg at the ankle. For a feeling of tired and heavy legs, for early venous insufficiency (weakness), for mild varicose veins without pronounced edema, for varicose veins in pregnancy, for so called “spider veins”, and after sclerosis of varicose veins.
Moderate compression; About 23 mmHg to 32 mmHg at the ankle. For more serious symptoms, for more marked varicose veins or moderate edema, after resolution of minor ulcers, after sclerosis and surgery for varicose veins, after deep vein thrombosis and in cases of insufficiency (weakness) of the valves in the deep veins.
Powerful compression; About 34 mmHg to 46 mmHg at the ankle. For chronic venous insufficiency (weakness), pronounced edema, atrophy blanche, dermatosclerosis and after resolution of serious ulcers.
Very powerful compression. Over 49 mmHg at the ankle. For lymphoedema and disfiguring swelling.
is one of the most important methods in the treatment of venous disorders. Applying compression bandages or wearing compression stockings presses the distended veins (varicose veins, varicosities) together from the outside. This enables the venous valves to close and the leg muscles can squeeze the blood better out of the veins which, in turn, improves the return transport of blood to the heart. Since veins that have once been distended are no longer able to actively contract, such compression must be used for the rest of the patient’s life if surgery is contraindicated. However, even in cases where surgery is indicated, compression stockings must also be worn or the legs must be dressed with compressive bandages for a number of weeks after the surgical removal of the veins.